We have made this page to try and answer some of the most popular questions we get asked about Pomeranians. If it doesn’t answer your question, please feel free to contact us through the Contact Us page. We will try to get back to you as soon as possible.
Q: What is a Pomeranian?
A: The Pomeranian is the smallest spitz breed in the world. It is a small, happy and intelligent dog who loves human company. If you would like to know more about the history of the Pomeranian, look for the Pomeranian Project on our links page.
Q: How big is a Pomeranian?
A: The British breed standard calls for Dogs to weigh 4 – 4.5lbs, and Bitches 4.5 – 5.5lbs. UK breeders try to breed to this standard, although on occasion smaller or slightly bigger poms maybe produced.
Q: Is a Pomeranian a good pet for children?
A: Pomeranians are very people oriented, however, you must remember that they are small, fragile dogs especially when puppies. Children MUST be taught to treat the dog with respect. They must not be allowed to pull them around and treat them like a toy. Pomeranians can easily get injured through rough treatment and on occasion may bite if the dog has been constantly tormented (pulling tails, constantly picking them up, grabbing hold of their fur). As with ANY dog, constant supervision is required when children are playing with the dog. A good investment is a crate, it is a nice place for the dog to retreat to if it would like a rest.
Q: Are Pomeranians good with other pets?
A: Provided they are introduced slowly to other pets from an early age, they should be fine. Most people say they happily get on with cats and other dogs. If you have a larger dog, please supervise them at all times. It has not been unknown for a larger dog to accidentally injure a Pom through play or simply sitting on them, for the simple reason that the larger dog is bigger and heavier. Again, a crate is a very good idea for when you can’t be supervising them.
Q: Do Poms moult?
A: Simple answer – Yes. Usually they shed their coats twice a year (summer and winter). Sometimes more with bitches after a season. If you have allergies, a Pomeranian may not be suitable for you.
Q: Do they need a lot of grooming?
A: Pomeranians have a double coat. The undercoat (nearest the body) is short, soft and fluffy. The outercoat (the bits at the end) is long and harsh. They need to have a thorough brush at least once a week (2-3 ideally) and can take over an hour per session. It is advisable before you get a pom to attend a grooming seminar run by one of the Pomeranian clubs, or contact a breeder to ask if they could show you.
What you will need:
- Tea tree spray or similar (nothing with conditioner as it can make the coat floppy)
- Talc powder
- Pin Brush
- Bristle Brush
- Nail file/ clippers
- Good quality straight scissors
What to do:
- Lightly spray the entire coat with the spray. Never brush a dry coat.
- Pull the coat downward with one hand and in layers, brush the coat towards the head using the pin brush. Make sure you brush down to the skin, failure to do this can result it felting (where a mat of hair forms on the skin). Always brush towards the head, this helps give the appearance of a ‘ball of fluff’.
- On the back legs brush the coat downwards, again in layers.
- Thoroughly brush the tail.
- Do the entire process again with a bristle brush.
- Trim the nails. If you aren’t comfortable doing this ask the breeder or your vet to do it for you.
- Use the straight scissors and VERY carefully trim the hair between the pads and around the foot. The foot should look like a ‘cat foot’. Ask the breeder to show you how to do this if you are unsure.
- Brush the hair down behind the ears. Place you thumb nail on the tip of the ear leather. Use your nail as a guide to trim around the ear with the scissors. Again, ask the breeder to show you how to do this.
- If there is grease behind the ears (the hair behind the ears looks crimped) put a little talc powder there and rub it in. Then brush it out again. Continue doing this until the grease is gone.
- Brush the hair back up towards the head again.
- Carefully trim around the anus with the scissors. About the size of a 10pence piece. This is for cleanliness. Again, ask the breeder to show you how to do this.
- Give your pom a treat for being a clever little dog.
Q: Are they picky with their food?
A: Only if you let them. They are no different than any other dog. Don’t give them too many treats as they won’t eat their meals and will quickly become fat. A fat dog is not a healthy dog. If you are unsure what to feed your dog, ask the breeder or your vet.
Q: Are they easy to house train?
A: House training can take some time, but they will understand eventually. Take them out to go toilet at least every hour because their bladders are so small. A good idea is to watch them and when they do their business give a command such as ‘go pee’. Praise them when they have gone to the toilet in the right place. Soon they will understand that ‘go pee’ means it’s time to go to the toilet and get praise. If they do an accident, don’t shout at them or rub their noses in it. The dog will not understand what it has done wrong, but it will remember that you punished it. Simply clean up the mess and start again.
Q: Which is better, Boys or girls?
A: There is many arguments on both sides as to which is better. Here’s a couple of things that may help in your decision.
- Don’t lose their coats as often as girls.
- Scent marking and Humping (especially if they aren’t castrated)
- Don’t usually scent mark or hump people.
- Loose their coats more often due to seasons (unless they are spayed)
- Seasons – during this time they must be kept away from other males to prevent unwanted pregnancy.
It is worth a note that males usually cost less than females. But either sex make fantastic pets and each dog is unique and it is down to personal preference.
Q: How many do they usually have in a litter?
A: The usual number in a litter is between 1 and 3. Although 4 and 5 do occur but not very often. Some bitches may have the puppies naturally, but it is quite common for bitches to need a c-section.
Q: Which is better a puppy or and older dog?
A: This depends on your circumstances. Often breeders have for sale older poms, this can be for a number of reasons:
- The dog grew slightly too small or too large for showing/breeding.
- The dog wasn’t quite show quality, possibly the dog didn’t enjoy showing or maybe has a tooth missing.
- The dog is no longer being shown or bred from and is looking for a nice retirement home.
Here are the pro’s and con’s of a puppy or older dog.
- You can give it a name you choose.
- You can train it how you want from an early age.
- You can watch it grow and introduce it to the world.
- No guarantee what it will look like as an adult.
- You may have to have the retained puppy teeth removed (more information on the Pom Health page).
- You will go through the awkward ‘puppy uglies’ stage (more information further down the page)
- You know exactly what you are getting.
- Usually they have been house trained, lead trained and socialised.
- Usually already had any retained puppy teeth removed.
- Occasionally, they have already been neutered.
- It doesn’t have a name you have chosen.
- It has been trained differently.
- It may have some habits that you may not like (for instance, will keep jumping up at your legs)
- The above is purely dependent upon the age of the dog.
Poms are so easy to settle into a new routine and home. They just love company, so it doesn’t really matter whether you get an older dog or a puppy.
Q: What are the ‘Puppy Uglies’?
A: The ‘Puppy Uglies’ is a term breeders use to describe the awkward change in the puppies coat. Your pomeranian will go through many changes in its coat during the first year of its life…
At 8 – 12 weeks old when the puppy is usually taken to its new home it is a little ball of fluff. At 14-18 weeks old the puppy starts to go through a very awkward stage known as the ‘puppy uglies’. They basically outgrow their fluffy puppy coats and look a little strange. Many people assume that their puppy is a cross-breed but this is not the case. This adolescent stage is usually between the age of 3- 10 months old. After this the coat starts to grow back. Usually poms have another lesser moult between 12-18 months old (known as a junior moult). This is perfectly normal. By the age of 2 years, your pom will have the same adult coat as their parents.
Q: Are Poms noisy?
A: Pomeranians were originally bred to guard, by barking to alert their masters of an intruder. This instinct still lives on in poms today. If somebody arrives or when the pom gets excited (usually tea time and walkies) then they usually bark. A good thing to teach them is the word ‘quiet’ from a young age. If the dog barks, as soon as it stops say ‘quiet’ and praise him or give him a treat. Keep doing this and eventually he will understand that ‘quiet’ means stop barking and i’ll get a reward. Don’t shout at your pom, because he’ll just think your joining in. You must bare in mind that you will never stop a Pom from barking completely.
Q: Where can i find a breeder?
A: There are a number of ways to find a breeder.
1. At shows. 2. The Kennel Club. 3. By contacting one of the breed clubs.